The cause of infertility can rest in the woman or the man, or can be from unknown factors or a combination of factors. In some cases, environmental factors can contribute to infertility. In other cases, genetic conditions or other health problems are the main cause of infertility. Female fertility requires a variety of conditions to be successful. If even one of these conditions is not met, or is not met for the right amount of time, the pregnancy may either not happen or it may end before birth.
Most cases of infertility in women result from problems with ovulation. Some conditions affecting ovulation include premature ovarian failure, in which the ovaries stop functioning before natural menopause, and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), in which the ovaries may not release an egg regularly or may not release a viable, healthy egg. Among women who have PCOS, even when a healthy egg is released and fertilized, the uterus may not be receptive to implantation of a fertilized egg, which results in infertility.
Other causes of infertility might include:
Blocked fallopian tubes due to endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, or surgery, physical problems with the uterine wall and uterine fibroids.
A woman’s risk for infertility can also be affected by certain lifestyle and environmental factors, including age, stress, poor diet and drug or medication use. Being overweight or underweight, as well as genetic conditions can also affect a woman's risk for inferitlity.
The male fertility process involves the production of mature sperm and getting the sperm to reach and fertilize the egg. Although it may seem to be a simpler process than female fertility, male fertility also requires many conditions to be met: the ability to have and sustain an erection, having enough sperm, having enough semen to carry the sperm to the egg, and having sperm of the right shape that move in the right way. A problem meeting any of these conditions contributes to infertility.
Like female infertility, male infertility can result from physical problems, such as testes that don’t make enough normal sperm, hormonal problems, and lifestyle or environmental factors, including age, stress and exposing the testes to high temperatures, which can affect the ability of the sperm to move and to fertilize an egg. Conditions that can also cause male infertility include tight underwear, drugs or medication, enviromental toxins and gentic conditions. Another possible cause of male infertility is cryptorchism, which is a condition where the testes do not descend into the scrotum. Although it does not usually affect the ability to have and sustain an erection, cryptorchism means that the testes are still inside the body cavity, which has a higher temperature than the external scrotum.
But, in some cases, health care providers cannot determine a cause for infertility in the man or woman. In addition, some known causes of infertility do not have any treatments
Austin South OBGYN servicing
Buda, Kyle, South Austin, Dripping Springs
Phone | (512) 444-1811
South Austin OBGYN:
4316 James Casey, Bld. F, Suite 200
Austin, TX 78745